FUTURE GOING TO DO

 

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SIMPLE FUTURE (Going to do)

In the previous lesson we learned how to use “will” when talking about the future. During this lesson we will use the form “going to” and its proper use.  Very often we can use either of them, but there are some differences, as a result of which there are situations when only one of them should be used.

Forming sentences with “going to”:

Subject   + going to +  verb (present form)

While “will” is used when making decisions at the moment of speaking, the form “going to”  expresses the subject’s intention to perform a certain future action. “Going to” is used when:

  • We talk about future plans made beforehand. The form “going to” always implies deliberate intention and often intention + a plan.

Example:

I have bought all the ingredients and I am going to bake a cake.

He brought a guitar. He’s going to perform on stage.

 

  • We talk about our predictions based on observing present situations.

Example:

This guy looks suspicious. Is he going to do something bad?

She looks pale. She’s going to faint.

Differences between “will” and “going to”:

WILL

 BE GOING TO

Is used to express intention at the moment of decision.

Is used when the future action was planned ahead of time.

Is used for probable future.

Is used to talk about the immediate future.

Prediction based on opinion. It implies that speaker thinks/believes that something will happen.

e.g. It will probably rain.

Prediction based on present evidence. This form implies that there are signs that something will happen.

e.g.  Look at the clouds! It’s going to rain.

Doesn’t imply any particular time and could refer to the remote future.

 

A future fact:

The sun will rise tomorrow.

 

Used when making promises/requests/refusals/ offers:

I will clean the house tomorrow.

 

 

When the intention is deliberate or not, we can use either “will” or “going to”.

Example:

I will OR I am going to visit China one day.

I won’t OR I am not going to tell you my age.


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