PAST SIMPLE

 

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PAST SIMPLE

In this lesson, we will learn the Simple Past Tense and how to form simple past tense for regular verbs, how to recognize and understand the simple past tense.  Additionally, how to pronounce and spell the past tense of regular verbs.    
    
The Simple Past Tense    
    
Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action occurs.     
    
We use the simple past tense to talk about things that happened in the past.    
    
Examples:    
    
The children visited their grandparents last week.    
The bus arrived a few minutes ago.    
Curtis dried his wet shirt in the sun.    
    
Regular Verbs    
    
For most verbs, the simple past tense is created by adding a d, ed or ied at the end of the word. These are called regular verbs. There are also irregular verbs which do not follow this pattern. The following are some of the rules for regular verbs.    
    
For verbs ending in e add a d.    
    
Example:    

Present TensePast Tense
devote devoted
love loved
intrude intruded
prove proved
wrestle wrestled
subscribe subscribed
judge judged
invite invited


    
For verbs ending in consonant + y, change y to i and add ed.    
    

Present TensePast Tense
marry married
purify purified
study studied
accompany accompanied
amplify amplified
apply applied
display displayed

    
For verbs that are one syllable and ending in vowel + consonant (but not y or w), double the consonant and then add ed.    
    

Present TensePast Tense
fret fretted
fit fitted
pat patted
bat batted
miss missed
jog jogged
drop dropped

    
For other verbs, just add ed.    
    

Present TensePast Tense
grant granted
sail sailed
puff puffed
allow allowed
open opened
assist assisted
count counted
finish finished

 

Additional examples:

Structure of past simple
positivenegativequestion
I arrived yesterday. I didn't (did not) arrive. Did I arrive yesterday?
You arrived yesterday. You didn't (did not) arrive. Did you arrive?
He/she/it arrived. He/she/it didn't arrive. Did he/she/it arrive?
We arrived. We didn't arrive. Did we arrive?
They arrived. They didn't arrive. Did they arrive?

 

Past simple - common mistakes
I was work in London. I worked in London. In positive sentences, a helping verb such as 'was' or 'did' is not used.
He worked in London? Did he work in London? The helping verb 'did' is used in past simple questions.
Worked he in London? Did he work in London? The helping verb 'did' is used in past simple questions.
Did he wrote a letter? Did he write a letter? The main verb is used in the infinitive form in questions and negatives.
He didn't wrote a letter. He didn't write a letter. The main verb is used in the infinitive form in questions and negatives.

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