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Have / has (Common in American English)

Also refer to the lesson with "have got" used in British English.                        

Students often want to know if have and have got can be used interchangebly. Additionally, they want to know which of the two they should use and if they are interchangeable.
The answer is that have and have got are the same in meaning when we want to express possession of something. And, yes, they are very often interchangeable.        
There are important differences in grammar and usage between have, have got and got.                        
"Have got" is more common in spoken British English, in American English we simply use "have".                        
And always use "have" with formal written English (business correspondences, emails, etc.).                        
Use contractions with "have":                        
For example:                        
I've (can be used with I've finished my homework).  
I have a new car.  (Possession)                  
I haven’t  (can be used with I haven't finished my homework.)                        
he has (finished his homework and also he has a new car)                        
he hasn’t (finished his homework)                        
we’ve (finished our homework).                        
we haven’t (finished our homework.)                        
everyone has (finished their homework and also everyone has received the handout.)                        
it has or it hasn’t (happened.)                         
they have (finished their homework and also they have a new car.)                        
Here are various question and negative forms                        
With "have" or "has" we use helping verbs such as "do" and "don’t" to form questions and negatives.                        
Question:  Do you have my pen?                        
Positive: He has my pen.                        
Question: Does she have my pen?                        
Positive: You have nice hair.                        
Negative: You don't have nice hair.                        
Positive: She has nice hair.                        
Negative: She doesn't have nice hair.                        

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