PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

 

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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

In this lesson, we will learn how to form the present perfect continuous tense and when to use it.                        
This tense is used when the activity has recently stopped and the event still has an effect on us now.                        
The tense is created in this way:                        
have been + present participle                        
has been + present participle                        
                        
Here is a table to help you to remember when to use have and has.

 

Singular

Plural

First person

I have

we have

Second person

you have

you have

Third person

he has

they have

she has

it has

 

For example:                        
It has been raining since this morning.  The ground is still wet.                        
I have been negotiating with this supplier for the past week.  We haven't established the terms.    

Contractions (Short Forms)

I have been

I’ve been

You have been

You’ve been

They have been

They’ve been

He has been

He’s been

She has been

She’s been

It has been

It’s been

Paul has been

Paul’s been

The dog has been

The dog’s been

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When do we use the present perfect continuous tense?                            
We use the present perfect continuous to emphasize the duration of an activity that began in the past and still continues until now.                            
                            
For example:                            
He has been living in this country since 2001.                            
I have been working here for a year.                             
We have been painting the house.                            
He has been studying to be a better software developer.    

Negative Forms of Present Perfect Continuous                            
We form the negative by adding not after has/have.                            
have + not + been + present participle                            
has + not + been + present participle                            
Contraction (or short form):                            
has not = hasn’t                            
have not = haven’t                            
                            
For example:                            
I have not been practicing the guitar lately.                            
I haven’t been practicing the guitar lately.                            
He has not been practicing his lessons regularly.                            
He hasn’t been practicing his lessons regularly.

 

Additional Examples:

Structure of present perfect continuous
positive question negative
I have (I've) been living here for two years. Have you been living here for a long time? I have not (haven't) been waiting for long.
He has (he's) been waiting for you. What has she been doing? He has not (hasn't) been working.
     
Present perfect continuous - common mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
It has been rain heavily all day. It has been raining heavily all day. The structure of the present perfect continuous is have/has been -ing.
I have sat here for two hours. I have been sitting here for two hours. Verbs such as sit, wait, speak, etc. (non-stative verbs) suggest continuity and so are mostly used in the continuous (-ing) form.
Which? When BOTH the simple and continuous forms are possible, native speakers prefer to use the continuous.
I have worked here for five years. 
I have been working here for five years.

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